Spotlight: Chimney Rock National Monument
"I Made It! Wow what a historic site. The guide was awesome and made sure the hike to the top was special. I will go back again and again." -Visitor from Chama, NM
What You’ll Find
A thousand years ago, the vast Chaco civilization was drawn to Chimney Rock’s soaring massive pinnacles, rising hundreds of feet above the valley floor. High atop these ancient sandstone formations, Ancestral Pueblo People built hundreds of stone buildings, including the highest elevation ceremonial “great house” in the Southwest.
The pinnacles that give Chimney Rock its name align with multiple archaeoastronomical features. The Ancestral Puebloans incorporated their knowledge of astronomy into the design of their community. Today, Chimney Rock is one of the best-recognized archaeoastronomical resources in North America, with alignments with the northern lunar standstill, summer solstice, equinoxes and Crab Nebula.
This landscape, featuring both Chimney Rock and Companion Rock, holds deep spiritual significance for modern Pueblo and tribal communities and was one of the largest communities of the Pueblo II era (900-1150 A.D.). Today, descendants of the Ancestral Pueblo People return to this important place of cultural continuity to visit their ancestors, and for spiritual and traditional ceremonies.
Enjoy a “visual celebration” of Chimney Rock
Chimney Rock National Monument covers 4,726 acres between Pagosa Springs and Durango in southwestern Colorado. It can be found 3 miles south of Highway 160 on Highway 151. Tours begin for the season on May 15 and are offered through September 30 and are available for advance reservation on Recreation.gov.
Make Sure You
Take advantage of Chimney Rock Interpretive Association’s (CRIA) programs! The association conducts daily guided walking tours and operates a Visitor Center from May 15 to September 30. The association also hosts special events including pottery workshops, night sky archaeoastronomy programs and more. Visitors can also take advantage of self-guided tours that highlight the richness of Chimney Rock's geology and cultural significance.
The Life at Chimney Rock Festival, held in July, offers a glimpse into life as it existed in Ancestral Puebloan times. Watch a volunteer spin dog hair into yarn using a drop spindle or discover Native American methods for hand-carved flutes. There is no entrance fee and reservations are not necessary for this family-oriented festival.
The first-come, first-serve Ute and Lower Piedra Campgrounds are near Chimney Rock. If you are looking to reserve a campsite in the area, try one of the following campgrounds: Blanco River Group Campground, East Fork Campground, West Fork Campground, Graham Creek, North Canyon, and Pine Point Campgrounds are about 30 minutes away at Vallecito Reservoir. Check our complete list of reservable campgrounds in the San Juan National Forest.
The “Four Corners” area of the nation’s southwest is rich in Ancestral Puebloan cultural sites. Why not expand your exploration to include Aztec Ruins National Monument, Chaco Culture National Historic Park, Mesa Verde National Park, the Anasazi Heritage Center and Canyon of the Ancients National Monument or Salmon Ruins. Check the Chaco Cultural National Historic Park website for more information on Chacoan outliers.
Artifacts, fossils, and historic remains are fragile and irreplaceable, and contain invaluable information about our shared national heritage. The Chimney Rock archaeological area is rich in these resources and holds a unique place in the Ancestral Puebloan world. Please respect this special place and do not remove any item or disturb the landscape.
The Forest Service manages Chimney Rock National Monument in partnership with the nonprofit Chimney Rock Interpretive Association which sponsors the tours, special programs and a small visitor center from May to September. CRIA received the Forest Service 2012 Volunteer Group of the Year award in recognition of their interpretive and stewardship services. Visit CRIA for more information about the services they provide.